The advice sheets below have the lastest information on problems with services. If you need more advice, please call the Citizens Advice consumer helpline on 03454 04 05 06.
In the guide
This guidance is for England, Scotland & Wales
Traders must comply with the Consumer Contracts (Information, Cancellation and Additional Charges) Regulations 2013 when they sell goods, services and digital content without face-to-face contact with consumers. These are called 'distance' contracts.
You have the right to cancel most distance contracts and the cancellation period is 14 days. Traders must give you certain information before they make a contract with you. They must get your clear agreement if they want to charge you for 'extras'. There are clear rules on delivery and the point at which you become responsible for the goods. If the trader sends you 'unsolicited' goods (goods that you have not ordered) you can keep them and you do not have to pay for them.
These Regulations also cover 'on-premises' contracts (when you buy from a trader at their business premises) and 'off-premises' contracts (for example, when you buy at home or at your place of work).
You also have rights and remedies under the Consumer Rights Act 2015 when a trader supplies you with goods, services and digital content.
This means a contract that is made between a consumer and a trader without face-to-face contact and using a form of distance communication - for example, internet, phone or post. The trader must have an organised scheme in place to sell goods or services by distance means for contracts to be classed as distance contracts; occasional sales will not count.
The contract you have with the trader will fall into one of the categories of contract listed below:
Not all sales, service and digital content contracts are covered by these Regulations (but you will have rights under other legislation). The excluded contracts are:
When you buy goods, services or digital content under a distance contract you are entitled to expect that the trader provides you with certain information, as set out below, in a clear and understandable way before you enter into the contract. Under the Consumer Rights Act 2015, this information is considered a term of the contract you have with the trader (unless it relates to the main characteristics of the goods or the main characteristics, functionality and compatibility of digital content). If a trader does not provide you with the required information, or it is changed without your clear agreement, you can make a claim to have your costs (if you have any) reimbursed.
* If the trader does not give you this information you do not have to pay those charges
After the contract is made, you must be given confirmation of the contract in a durable form (such as paper or email) which includes all the information listed above. If the trader gave you this information before the contract was concluded they don't have to give you it again. This information forms part of the contract that you have with the trader. If the trader changes the information, either before you make the contract or at a later stage, it does not take effect unless you and the trader have clearly agreed that it will.
When you complete a contract electronically and it places you under an obligation to pay, the trader must make sure you are aware of this, for instance by using 'order with obligation to pay' or similar wording at the point where you click to pay. If they don't then the contract is not legally binding on you. Check the website to see if there are any delivery restrictions and which methods of payment the trader accepts. If the trader rings you to complete the contract they must first give their identity and the reason for their call.
Note that this part of the Regulations does not apply to NHS medicinal products or services, or passenger transport contracts.
There are certain contracts that you do not have the right to cancel under these Regulations. You should check the list below before assuming you have cancellation rights:
Take note that if you unseal goods after delivery that must remain sealed for health or hygiene reasons, unseal audio, video or computer software after delivery or mix goods with other goods after delivery so that they are inseparable (such as mixing sand with cement), you lose your right to cancel the contract.
You do not have the same opportunity to inspect goods, services or digital content when you buy at a distance as you would if you bought on business premises so the Regulations give you the right to cancel a contract at any time and for any reason within the cancellation period. You also have the right to withdraw your offer to buy before the contract is made.
|Type of contract||Cancellation period|
|sales contract - goods, including goods supplied with a service||14 days after the day you (or the person such as a neighbour with whom you have an arrangement) takes possession of the goods|
|sales contract - multiple goods in one order but delivered on different days||14 days after the day you (or the person such as a neighbour with whom you have an arrangement) takes possession of the last of the goods|
|sales contract - goods consisting of multiple lots or pieces delivered on different days||14 days after the day you (or the person such as a neighbour with whom you have an arrangement) takes possession of the last of the lots or pieces|
|sales contract - regular delivery of goods over a set period that is longer that one day||14 days after the day you (or the person such as a neighbour with whom you have an arrangement) takes possession of the first of the goods|
|service contract||14 days after the day on which the contract was made|
|digital content not supplied on tangible medium (downloads etc)||14 days after the day on which the contract was made (unless you asked for the download to be started within this period, you knew they would lose your right to cancel and the trader provided this information as part of the contract confirmation)|
If the trader does not provide you with information on your cancellation rights, the cancellation period can be extended by up to 12 months depending on if / when the information was provided.
You have the right to withdraw an offer to make a contract or cancel a contract during the cancellation period by informing the trader of your intentions. You can use the cancellation form provided by the trader if you wish. You are entitled to a refund of all payments including payment for, or equivalent to, the cost of basic delivery. This should be within 14 days or if you are returning goods, 14 days from when the trader received the goods back from you. If you can provide evidence to show that you returned the goods, you can obtain your refund earlier. The trader must collect the goods after cancellation if they agreed to do so, otherwise you are responsible for returning them within 14 days of cancellation. Unless the trader has agreed to pay the return costs, you must do so but the trader is required to inform you of this. The trader is not allowed to charge you a cancellation fee.
You are entitled to check the goods to make sure you are happy with their nature, characteristics and function but if the trader believes you have used them more than was necessary to decide if they were suitable, they may be able to claim compensation from you up to the contract price. For example, taking a toaster out of its box and testing it. Try to treat goods like you would in a shop. How would you inspect them in a shop before you bought them?
There are times when you may want the trader to start a service straight away. Under these circumstances, the trader must inform you that you lose your right to cancel once the contract has been performed (this does not apply to utility contracts).
If the service has not been completed and you cancel within the cancellation period, you will have to pay for the part of the service that the trader has carried out. If goods were supplied with a service, you would have the right to return the goods if you cancelled within the cancellation period but you may be liable to pay some or all of the service costs. For example, if you order a washing machine and an installation service online and, after installation, you decide to cancel within your cancellation period, you should get a refund for the washing machine but you may have to pay the installation charge.
If you withdraw or cancel a contract in most cases any ancillary contract (a contract that is connected to the main contract, such as a warranty) is automatically terminated at no cost to you.
If the trader offers you an 'extra' that is linked to the main contract, such as gift wrapping or special delivery, they must always get your clear agreement to charge you for it. This means that the trader cannot have a pre-ticked box in an order form, for example, that you have to 'un-tick' or ask the trader to remove to avoid payment. If you did not agree you will not have to pay, and if you have paid you are entitled to claim a refund.
If the trader provides a telephone helpline for you to contact them about a contract that you have entered into, they can only charge you the 'basic rate'. This means the normal geographic or mobile rate. If the trader charges you more than the basic rate, you are entitled to reclaim the extra from them.
The trader must deliver the goods to you unless you have agreed otherwise. The goods must be delivered without undue delay or in any event not more than 30 days after the day on which you entered the contract. This does not prevent you and the trader from agreeing your own arrangements for delivery but you should ensure this arrangement is written into the contract.
If any of the following apply:
...you are entitled to cancel the contract and claim a full refund.
If you order multiple goods from the trader and some of them are not delivered on time or not at all, you have an alternative to ending the contract. You can cancel the order for any of the goods or reject goods that have been delivered. The trader must refund you for the part of the order you cancelled or for the goods you rejected. Where goods form part of a 'commercial unit' - for example, a set of cutlery - you cannot cancel part of the order, you have to cancel the whole order. These regulations do not prevent you from seeking other remedies for late delivery if you so wish.
You become responsible for the goods when you, or a person identified by you to take delivery, takes actual possession of them. Until that time, the trader is responsible for them even if they use a carrier. If you organise your own carrier, then the trader is only responsible for the goods until your carrier takes possession of them.
If a trader supplies unsolicited goods, you are entitled to keep them as an unconditional gift and do not have to pay for them. Inertia selling is a banned practice under the Consumer Protection from Unfair Trading Regulations 2008.
These Regulations also deal with a trader's obligations when they sell from their business premises (including mobile premises) and when they sell away from their business premises, such as in your home (off-premises contracts). The 'Buying from business premises - on-premises contracts explained' and 'Buying at home - off-premises contracts explained' guides give more information.
The Regulations described above are in addition to the rights and remedies you have under the Consumer Rights Act 2015 when goods, digital content or services are supplied to you.
The 'Sale & supply of goods - your consumer rights' , 'Supply of digital content - your consumer rights' and 'Supply of services - your consumer rights' guides give more information on your rights and remedies.
The 'Sale & supply of goods - what to do if things go wrong' , 'Supply of digital content - what to do if things go wrong' and 'Supply of services - what to do if thing go wrong' guides give you a clear direction to follow when you want to complain.
Last reviewed / updated: October 2016
This information is intended for guidance; only the courts can give an authoritative interpretation of the law.
The guide's 'Key legislation' links may only show the original version of the legislation, although some amending legislation is linked to separately where it is directly related to the content of a guide. Information on amendments to UK legislation can be found on each link's 'More Resources' tab; amendments to EU legislation are usually incorporated into the text.
For further information please contact the Citizens Advice consumer service, which provides free, confidential and impartial advice on consumer issues. Visit the Citizens Advice website (opens in a new window) or call the Citizens Advice consumer helpline on 03454 040506.