JSNA summary and why we need it

Slough at a glance

Health profile 2015

The health of people in Slough varies when compared with the England average.

  • Deprivation is lower than average but about 6,600 children still live in poverty.
  • Life expectancy is 4.5 years lower for men in the most deprived areas of Slough than in the least deprived areas.
  • In the last 10 years, mortality rates from causes considered preventable have fallen.
  • The early death rate from heart disease and stroke has fallen but is worse than the England average.
  • Almost a quarter (24.2%) of children in year 6 are classed as obese.
  • Levels of teenage pregnancy, GCSE attainment, alcohol-specific hospital stays among those under 18, breast feeding and smoking in pregnancy are better than the England average.
  • Estimated levels of adult smoking and physical activity are worse than the England average.
  • The rate of hip fractures is worse than the England average.
  • The rate of TB is worse than average.
  • Rates of road injuries and deaths are better than the England average.

Public Health priorities

Public Health priorities include:

  • crime reduction (violent crime and domestic abuse)
  • childhood obesity and oral health
  • child and parental mental health
  • prevention of and reduction of early deaths from cardiovascular disease.

Why a JSNA is needed?

In 2012 the Health and Social Care Act was launched. This has given local authority and clinical commissioning groups an equal duty to prepare JSNAs and Joint Health and Wellbeing Strategies (JHWS), through the Health and Wellbeing Board.

The JSNA includes a range of quantitative and qualitative evidence that looks at specific groups, like hard to reach groups, as well as wider issues that affect health such as crime, community safety, education, skills and planning.

The JSNA information helps to highlight:

  • the needs of the whole community. This includes how needs vary for people at different ages, and may be harder to meet for those in disadvantaged areas or vulnerable groups who experience inequalities, such as people who find it difficult to access services 
  • the wider social, environmental and economic factors that impact on health and wellbeing - such as access to green space, air quality, housing, community safety and employment.

For more details about the JSNA please email: publichealthslough@slough.gov.uk