JSNA summary and why we need it

Slough at a glance

Health profile 2018

Health in summary

The health of people in Slough is varied compared with the England average:  About 15% (5,200) of children live in low income families.  Life expectancy for men is lower than the England average.

Health inequalities

  • Life expectancy is 7.7 years lower for men and 4.0 years lower for women in the most deprived areas of Slough than in the least deprived areas.

Child health

  • In Year 6, 26.0% (543) of children are classified as obese - worse than the average for England.
  • The rate of alcohol-specific hospital stays among those under 18 is 16 - better than the average for England. This represents 7 stays per year.
  • Levels of teenage pregnancy, breastfeeding initiation and smoking at time of delivery are better than the England average.

Adult health

  • The rate of alcohol-related harm hospital stays is 591. This represents 711 stays per year.
  • The rate of self-harm hospital stays is 146 - better than the average for England. This represents 219 stays per year.
  • Estimated levels of adult physical activity are worse than the England average.
  • The rate of TB is worse than the England average.
  • The rate of sexually transmitted infections is better than the England average.
  • Rates of violent crime and early deaths from cardiovascular diseases are worse than the England average.

Public Health priorities

Public Health priorities include:

  • Crime reduction (violent crime and domestic abuse)
  • Childhood obesity and oral health
  • Child and parental mental health
  • Prevention of and reduction of early deaths from cardiovascular disease

Why a JSNA is needed?

In 2012 the Health and Social Care Act was launched. This has given local authority and clinical commissioning groups (CCGs) an equal duty to prepare JSNAs and Joint Health and Wellbeing Strategies (JHWS), through the Health and Wellbeing Board.

The JSNA includes a range of quantitative and qualitative evidence that looks at specific groups - like hard to reach groups, as well as wider issues that affect health such as crime, community safety, education, skills and planning.

The JSNA information helps to highlight:

  • The needs of the whole community. This includes how needs vary for people at different ages, and may be harder to meet for those in disadvantaged areas or vulnerable groups who experience inequalities, such as people who find it difficult to access services.
  • The wider social, environmental and economic factors that impact on health and wellbeing - such as access to green space, air quality, housing, community safety and employment.

For more details about the JSNA please email: publichealthslough@slough.gov.uk