Academic success has a strong positive impact on children, affecting how good they feel their lives are as well as being linked to higher levels of wellbeing in adulthood.
Research evidence shows that education and health are closely linked. Not only does educational attainment have a positive effect on health but also better health is linked to better academic achievement.
(Source: The link between pupil health and wellbeing and attainment – Public Health England).
What do we know?
A recent report by Public Health England summarises the evidence for links between academic achievement and health:
- Pupils with better health and wellbeing are likely to achieve better academically.
- Effective social and emotional competencies are associated with greater health and wellbeing, and better achievement.
- The culture, ethos and environment of a school influences the health and wellbeing of pupils and their readiness to learn.
- A positive association exists between academic attainment and physical activity levels of pupils
Facts, Figures, Trends
All data discussed below can be viewed as tables in School Performance Appendix 1
- Slough nurseries: all are good or outstanding (100%).
- Slough primary schools: 68% are good or better (nationally this is 85%) for maintained schools this figure is77%
- Slough secondary schools: 82% are good or better (nationally this is 75%), and 64% are outstanding which is one of the highest percentages in the country.
- Slough special schools where all are good or outstanding (100%).
Summary of attainment for 2015:
- Early Years Foundation Stage: Slough is ranked 5th (out of 11) when compared with its statistical neighbours for ‘Good Level of Development’. This is a slight slip in ranking from 3rd in 2014.
- Key Stage 1: the results remain above the national average for reading, writing and maths combined, and slightly below the national average in speaking/listening.
- Key Stage 2: the results are slightly below the national average in reading and maths; at the national average in writing and 2% below the national average in combined Level 4+ in reading, writing and maths.
- Key Stage 4: Slough has the 8th highest GCSE results (5 A*-C, including English and maths) when compared with the 152 local authorities across the country. This is a slight slip in ranking from 7th in 2014.
Early Years Foundation Stage Profile (EYFSP) 2015:
- 2,388 children completed the Early Years Foundation Stage in July 2015 and 65% achieved a Good Level of Development –GLD (achieving the Expected or Exceeding grade in all Prime Goals and all Literacy and Mathematics), an increase of 7% on 2014.
- Slough is ranked 5th amongst its statistical neighbours for Good Level of Development (GLD).
- 58% of children eligible for Free School Meals (FSM) achieved a Good Level of Development.
- 65% of children for whom English is an additional language (EAL) achieved a ‘Good Level of Development’.
- The ’inequality’ gap (the achievement gap between the lowest 20% of achievers and the median score for all children) is now below the national average at 29.9%, ranking Slough 2nd amongst it 10 other statistical neighbours (eleven in total).
Year 1 Phonics 2015:
- 76.3% of Slough pupils are working at the required standard at 32 points or more (this figure includes Year 1 and Year 2 re-takes)
- For Year 1 pupils 77.6% are working at the required standard at 32 points or more (42nd nationally and in the top quartile) this is an improvement of 1% on last year’s results. However, given the 3% improvement nationally, Slough has decreased from 30th in the country to 42nd out of 152 authorities.
Key Stage 1 (KS1) 2015:
Overall results at KS1 are encouraging:
- Reading (16th nationally) and writing (25th nationally) continue to improve with the former now being 2% above the national average, and the later 1% above.
- Maths has improved by 1% and is 1% above the national average (18th nationally).
- Science results have declined, and are now 4% below the national average
Key Stage 2 (KS2) 2015:
KS2 results are improving year on year.
- The proportion of pupils gaining Level 4 or above in reading, writing and mathematics (the main indicator for KS2 results: R, W and M) has remained static whilst the national average has risen by 2%; therefore Slough is now 2% below the national average (116th nationally).
- KS1 to KS2 progress has shown a decline in 2015 with progress declining in all three domains of reading, writing and mathematics.
- The proportion of pupils getting a Level 5 in reading, writing, and mathematics combined has remained static in 2015 and remains 1% above the national average (47th nationally out of 152 local authorities; 2nd quartile).
- KS2 Level 4+ attainment for SEN pupils in reading, writing, and mathematics combined is 36% and 7% below the national average.
- KS2 Level 4+ attainment for pupils for whom English is an additional language in reading, writing, and mathematics combined is 80%, 1% above the national average.
- KS2 Level 4+ attainment for Pupil Premium (PP) pupils in reading, writing and maths remained static in 2015 and is 1% below the national average.
- KS2 Level 4+ attainment by ethnicity shows combined reading, writing and maths at 8% below national average for those of White heritage, 2% below national average for those of Black heritage and 1% above national average for those of Asian heritage
- Last year concerns were reported about the attainment and progress of Asian Indian Pupil Premium pupils. This year this group of pupils has performed significantly better in almost every subject (both boys and girls).
Provisional GCSE results - Summer 2015
These GCSE results currently remain un-validated. GCSE validated results will be published on the 26th January 2016 and are therefore not available in writing for this report.
- GCSE results for Slough are significantly above the national average in all subjects. Some of this data will change when the validated data is published, but early indications are that on the most significant measure, 5 or more A*-C, including English and maths, Slough is ranked 8th in the country, down 1 place FORM2014.
- In English there has been a decrease of 3.6% in the A*-C grades, however this is 3.9% above the national average.
- Maths has shown a decline in A*-C by 1.2%, although this is 5.7% above the national average.
- 80.4% of pupils made the expected progress from KS2-KS4 in English. This is a drop of 4.8% against a national drop of 1.6% and remains 10.4% above the national average.
- There was a slight increase in the percentage of pupils making expected progress from KS2-KS4 in maths, 0.7%. This is 11% above the national average.
- At KS4 the proportion of of SEN pupils gaining 5 A*-C, including English and maths has decreased by 2%. However because the % of non-SEN pupils gaining 5A*-C, including English and maths decreased by 3%, the gap between SEN and non-SEN has narrowed by 1%.
- At KS4 the proportion of Pupil Premium (PP) pupils gaining 5A*-C, including English and maths has decreased 3%.
Provisional Key Stage 5 including ‘A’ Level results - Summer 2015
While there has been a slight decline in the average point scores achieved at KS5 in Slough (see data in Appendix), the results remain well above the national average.
- For students achieving 3 or more A Levels (or equivalent) at A*-E in Slough, the performance improved from 82.7% to 94.6%: a 11.9% increase. A similar improvement occurred with students achieving 2 or more A Levels (or equivalent) at A*-E, improving from 92.8% to 98.9%: a 6.1% increase.
- At ‘A’ level there has been a 0.7% decline in the pass rate for those taking 3 or more A levels.
- For those taking 2 or more A levels (including equivalent) the pass rate has dropped by 1.3%.
Key Stage 4 and 5 Destinations
- Slough has 95% of its KS4 cohort from 2012/13 going on to, or remaining in, an education, employment or training destination in 2013/14. This places Slough as first when compared with its ten other statistical neighbours, with the national and South East figure being 92%.
- The percentage of students in 2012/13 who entered on to A Level or other Level 3 qualifications, going to, or remaining in, an education and/or employment/training institution in 2013/14 is 77% for Slough. This places the Authority in 5th position when compared with its ten other statistical neighbours and well above the national and South East averages of 73 and 68% respectively.
What is this telling us?
Educational standards in Slough are improving at EYFS, KS1, KS2 and 6th form.
What are the key inequalities?
- While schools have made some inroads into the Pupil Premium Gap (the difference in attainment and progress between non-PP and PP) there is still more work that needs to be done. The attainment gap for PP is still too high but narrowing slowly.
- Looked after children (LAC) still fail to make the progress that is expected and schools are working hard to ensure that LAC are given the required level of support.
- Pupils with Special Educational Needs (SEN) – At KS2 the data shows that SEN pupils have increased their attainment and progress significantly. The gap between SEN and all pupils has narrowed considerably.
- At KS4 SEN pupils are narrowing the gap against all pupils but at a much slower rate than at KS2.
Recommendations for consideration by other key organisations
The educational landscape is changing rapidly. Schools are under pressure to manage:
- child obesity
- sexual exploitation
- skills and training
- a wider safeguarding responsibility
As a result schools need to engage with as many relevant agencies as possible.